Every home today installs a water purifier to keep their drinking water safe for use. With the increase in water pollution, every home must know how to purify water if it does not have a water purifier. The higher authorities are trying to provide clean water to every home, but it is our responsibility to take care of our family and provide them with safe drinking water. Here are some of the most effective water treatment methods.
Boiling is the easiest water treatment method that one can perform at home by heating the water to the boiling point. High temperature kills the bacteria and virus present in water, which eliminates all the impurities. It also removes all the chemicals present in water. However, the dead bodies of micro-organisms still remain in the water. It is suggested that you use a microporous sieve to filter away the impurities after boiling.
The RO purifiers are the best water purifiers available in the market today. The RO water systems have a semipermeable membrane that forces water from one side to another while preventing contaminants from passing through. There are new technologies like TDS controller and Mineraliser available with RO purifiers today that retain the nutrients in the water that may also get filtered during reverse osmosis.
While distillation is more of a laboratory setup, it is possible to obtain contamination-free water. In this process, the water is evaporated, and the condensed water is collected in a clean container. While it is effective in treating water, it is not commonly used as it also takes a lot of time and removes the minerals from the water as well. RO filter is considered a better solution than a distillation system.
Solar purification/ UV radiation
UV filtration is another method that is used commonly in water purifiers today. It involves the use of UV radiation from the sun to treat water. In this process, the water is put in contact with sunlight to kill the bacteria, making it safe for consumption. Some water purifiers also use artificial UV ray systems to treat water even in the absence of sublight. If not used with the RO system, UV radiation alone cannot eliminate the impurities and heavy metals from water.
Clay vessel filtration
This method is used in remote areas where the installation of water systems is still a challenge. Clay vessels are an old traditional way of filtering water where people use clay pots to clean muddy water. The clay pot consists of different layers of filters, including fine sand, coarse sand, and gravel. It catches all the dirt and allows clean water to a container below it. However, it does not guarantee to eliminate all the bacteria from water.